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RESTRICTIONS: Broadcast: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN Digital: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN RUNDOWN SHOWS: 1.
NASA moon base plans 2.
Russia, China, ESA lunar plans 3.
Heavy lift rockets to the moon 4.
Private space companies' moon plans 5.
Moon landers 6.
Lunar Orbital Platform Gateway 7.
Permanent lunar settlement 8.
3D-printing habitats using regolith 9.
Inflatable habitats 10.
Life support systems on moon base 11.
Project to mine water ice on moon 12.
Thermal mining on lunar crater 13.
Robots mapping the moon 14.
Other lunar projects on moon VOICEOVER (in English): "In April 2019, NASA announced plans to put astronauts back on the moon by 2024, and build a permanent lunar base by 2028 under its Artemis program." "According to IEEE Spectrum, NASA currently has the most detailed plans, but other countries are on a similar track." "IEEE Spectrum reports that getting to the moon involves super heavy-lift rockets.
For its 2024 lunar mission, NASA is relying on the Space Launch System or SLS." "China is looking to upgrade its Long March 5 rocket to a Long March 9, while Russia plans to use the Yenisei rocket, but has only just finalized its design." "Private companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin are also developing their own heavy-lift launch vehicles, the Falcon Heavy and the New Glenn, respectively." "Both use reusable stages, making them more economical than the SLS, which is not only over budget, but also three years behind schedule." "As far as landing on the moon, NASA is going with commercial lunar cargo landers from companies in its Commercial Lunar Payload Services program." "In May, it awarded contracts to three companies — Astrobotic, Intuitive Machines and OrbitBeyond — to carry payload and instruments to the moon's surface." "NASA's lunar plans also rely heavily on a space station called the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway, which will follow a near-rectilinear halo orbit around the moon." "Gateway will serve as a staging post where astronauts can dock and leave their spacecraft, then travel to the lunar surface in a lander." "It will also provide them shelter, a place to stock up on fuel and supplies and relay communications, and a base to dispatch crew and robots to the moon." "Once humans actually get to the moon, the next step is building a permanent settlement, starting with habitats that are able to withstand extreme temperatures, radiation, and abrasive moondust." "IEEE Spectrum reports that some engineers and architects are using that same abrasive dust, known as regolith or lunar soil, to 3D-print habitats." "Walls can either be 3D-printed all in one piece at the location where they'll stand, or as smaller materials like bricks that can lock together when stacked." "Another approach, called sintering, uses solar power or microwave beams to heat regolith to near melting point, until it fuses." "There's also the possibility of inflatable modules that can expand to greater capacity." SOURCES: IEEE Spectrum, Space.com https://spectrum.ieee.org/aerospace/space-flight/the-great-moon-rush https://spectrum.ieee.org/aerospace/space-flight/three-steps-to-a-moon-base https://www.space.com/nasa-moon-missions-before-2024.html *** For story suggestions please contact [email protected] For technical and editorial support, please contact: Asia: +61 2 93 73 1841 Europe: +44 20 7542 7599 Americas and Latam: +1 800 738 8377